Outbreak of swineorigin influenza ah1n1 virus infectionmexico, marchapril 2009. Pdf novel influenza ah1n1 virus among gravid admissions. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. A new strain of influenza a virus, with quadruple segment translocation in its rna, caused an outbreak of human infection in april 2009 in usa and mexico. During the spring of 2009, a novel influenza a h1n1 virus of. Historia natural influenza ah1n1 by karla martinez castro on. Europe has now entered a new interpandemic phase of seasonal influenza. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the.
One way shift can happen is when an influenza virus. Pdf pandemic novel influenza ah1n1 is a substantial threat and cause of morbidity and mortality in the pregnant population. Influenza ah1n1pdm09 virus ph1n1 was the causal factor of the recent flu pandemic, which claimed several hundred lives. The 2009 flu outbreak in humans, known as swine influenza or h1n1 influenza a, refers to influenza a due to a new h1n1 strain called swineorigin influenza virus a soiv. Virus isolation was done before and 46 days after the initiation of oseltamivir therapy for 148 patients with influenza ah3n2 and for 66 with influenza b in the 20032004 and 20042005 influenza. Influenza porcina influenza h1n1 sintomas y causas mayo.
The genetic material originates from three different species. In 2009 a strain of swine flu called h1n1 infected many people around the world. Influenza a h1n1, virus that is best known for causing widespread outbreaks, including epidemics and pandemics, of acute upper or lower respiratory tract infection. The new swine flu virus is actually a genetic mixture of two strains, both found in swine, of unknown origin. The 2009 influenza ah1n1 pandemic was declared over in august 2010 by the world health organization. A, b, c, and only types a and b are perceived to be clinically relevant in humans. Swine influenza also known as swine flu or pig flu is a respiratory disease that occurs in pigs that is caused by the influenza a virus. Jul 19, 2010 a new strain of influenza a virus, with quadruple segment translocation in its rna, caused an outbreak of human infection in april 2009 in usa and mexico. Clinical aspects of pandemic 2009 influenza a h1n1 virus infection. Shift can result in a new influenza a subtype in humans. The mixovirus influenzae is the agent that causes influenza, commonly called flu.
Clinical aspects of pandemic 2009 influenza a h1n1 virus. The known siv strains include influenza c and the subtypes of influenza a known as h1n1, h1n2, h3n1, h3n2 and h2n3. However, just as the common, seasonal flu that affects humans is constantly mutating as our immune systems and vaccines compromise weaker strains, swine flu is always trying to improve itself so that it can become more virulent, spread faster and even associate with better company. In virology, influenza a virus subtype h1n1 ah1n1 is the subtype of influenza a virus that was the most common cause of human influenza flu in 2009, and is associated with the 1918 spanish flu. Influenza ah1n1 tambien conocida como influenza porcina o gripe del cerdo. The first outbreak occurred in 2009 and infected people all over the world. Influenza virus h1n1 unintentional contamination or. Ten years later work continues to better understand influenza. This virus was designated as influenza a h1n1pdm09 virus.
Spanish flu influenza a virus h1n1 there were four influenza pandemics in the last century. Influenza viruses that are normally found in swine are known as swine influenza viruses sivs. Due to the segmented nature of its genetic material, the influenza virus. The 1918 spanish flu was the mother of all pandemics in two ways. Influenza a virus subtype h1n1 ah1n1 is the subtype of influenza a virus that was the most common cause of human influenza flu in 2009, and is associated with the 1918 spanish flu outbreak. Who recommendations for influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2018 southern hemisphere influenza. This new h1n1 virus contained a unique combination of influenza genes not previously identified in animals or people. It was detected first in the united states and spread quickly across the united states and the world. During the spring of 2009, a novel influenza a h1n1 virus of swine origin caused human infection and acute respiratory illness in mexico. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. It is an orthomyxovirus that contains the glycoproteins haemagglutinin and neuraminidase.
The influenza virus leads to respiratory disease that. It was called swine flu early on because tests showed that it was like flu viruses that occur in swine pigs. Influenza suina influenza a virus h1n1 giant microbes. Apr 02, 2020 swine flu is an infection caused by a virus. Terapia fisica psicoterapia educacion y control del. The pandemic h1n1 2009 influenza a virus ph1n1 2009 virus is antigenically unrelated to human seasonal influenza viruses but genetically related to viruses that have been circulating in swine for a number of yearsnorth american h3n2 triple reassortment, classical swine h1n1 lineage, and the eurasian avianlike swine h1n1 virus garten 2009. Pigs can also become infected with the h4n6 and h9n2 subtypes. Swine flu is an influenza virus that usually affects pigs. The virus is contagious and can spread from human to human. The influenza a h1n1 virus is a member of the family orthomyxoviridae a group of rna viruses. The influenza virus belongs to the orthomyxoviridae family, viruses with a negative sense segmented rna genome. The pandemic h1n1 2009 influenza a virus ph1n1 2009 virus is antigenically unrelated to human seasonal influenza viruses but genetically related to viruses that have been circulating in swine for a number of yearsnorth american h3n2 triple reassortment, classical swine h1n1 lineage, and the eurasian avianlike swine h1n1 virus. The influenza virus type a infects humans and other organisms, and is the causative. Antigenic shift is an abrupt, major change in an influenza a virus, resulting in new ha andor new ha and na proteins in influenza viruses that infect humans.776 505 21 111 1647 404 546 1410 207 701 161 541 691 147 1583 909 1123 1654 452 406 1208 1209 154 995 727 1345 1119 706