Permission is granted to copy, distribute andor modify this document under the terms of the gnu free documentation license, version 1. The effect of reflux ratio on tray distillation efficiency. Le bilan thermique autour dune distillation peut etre necessaire pour determiner. Environ 59% sont des autres machines a boissons et a vin, 6% des evaporateur et 2% desrecipients sous pression. Fractional distillation worksheet what is fractional. Pdf on feb 3, 2015, sellami mohamed hassen and others published distillation et rectification cours et exercices find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled gnu free documentation license. Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by using selective boiling and condensation. Fractional distillation is the process used to separate two miscible liquids based upon differences in boiling point.
Introduction to column distillation distillation is the most common separation technique in chemical process industry, accounting for 9095% of the separation operations this is why more than a half of this course is devoted to distillation or column distillation, which includes binarymixture distillation. The first column acts as an extractive column where the solvent is introduced at the second stage of the column, so that it will be present throughout the column and exits with the bottoms. Extractive distillation is a vaporliquid process operation that uses a third component, or solvent, to effect a chemical separation the extractive agent creates or enhances the volatility difference between the components to be separated. The process utilizes the difference of the vapor pressures to produce the separation. In the simplest case, the products of a distillation process are limited to an overhead distillate and a bottoms, whose compositions di er from that of the feed. Pdf distillation et rectification cours et exercices researchgate. The fractional distillation of this wood give four fractions. Familiar examples include the distillation of crude fermentation broths into alcoholic spirits such as gin and vodka, and the fractionation of crude oil into useful products such as gasoline and heating oil. Distillation distillation is a commonly used method for purifying liquids and separating mixtures of liquids into their individual components. Distillation may result in essentially complete separation nearly pure components, or it may be a partial separation that increases. Pdf distillation et rectification cours et exercices. Ep06777a1 process and installation for the production.
Pdf distillation discontinue extractive et reactive dans une. Distillation is the method of separating the elements or substances from a liquid mixture by condensation and selective evaporation. The extractive distillation unit of this cyclohexane production plant consists of two distillation columns. Deionized distilled water ddw was a suitable extraction solution for this method. Distillation may result in essentially complete separation nearly pure components, or it may be a partial separation that increases the concentration of selected components in the mixture. Refluxed for 3 hours a solution of menthol 5 g, 32 mmol2 2methoxyethoxy ethoxy acetic acid 5.
Distillation might lead to basically full separation nearly pure components, or it should be a partial separation that will enhance the concentration of designated elements or particles of the mixture. One student sets up the simple distillation and the other student sets up the fractional distillation glassware. Distillation is simply the collection of the ethanol alcohol that was made during fermentation. It addresses the most important and current research on. Distillation is a physical process used to separate a solvent from a solute based upon differences in boiling point. Steam distillationsolvent extraction sde has been used mainly for the extraction and concentration of fragrance and savour compounds. Distillation is a procedure that separates a mixture of liquids with different boiling points. These vigreux columns are also available with spherical ground joint balls in mmsize. Les coupes du petrole fioul, kerosene, bitume, gazole. You will certainly have noticed how the steam formed running droplets, i. Ep06777a1 process and installation for the production of.
Distillation introduction distillation is the process of heating a liquid solution, or a liquidvapor mixture, to derive o a vapor and then collecting and condensing this vapor. Introduction remember the first time you ever boiled water. To get clear soil no3n extracts for determination, filtration or longtime standing was needed during soil. This works due to the fact that the vapor will contain more alcohol. Distillation distillation, sometimes referred to as fractionation or rectification, is a process for the separating of two or more liquids. Distillation distillation vapor free 30day trial scribd. Halvorsen and sigurd skogestad norwegian university of science and technology department of chemical engineering 7491 trondheim, norway this is a revised version of an article accepted for publication in the encyclopedia of separation science by academic press ltd. Distillation principles chemical engineering, 200711, rvce. Distillation, sometimes referred to as fractionation or rectification, is a process for the separating of two or more liquids. Producing gaseous oxygen under pressure from the cryogenic distn.
Distillation has been, up to now, the standard method for separating fluid mixtures in the process industry and the consensus is that it will remain so for years to come. Oct 17, 2016 comment separer les differentes coupes du petrole. Distillation ppt and pdf report download study mafia. This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 3. Distillation and absorption in packed columns a convenient.
Distillation is a useful technique in chemistry labs, where chemists use it to purify a compound, and also in industry, especially in the petrochemical and refining industry and in the manufacture of ethanol. The effect of reflux ratio on tray distillation efficiency protocol. The process of distillation involves the evaporation and condensation of a liquid. Distillation free download as powerpoint presentation.1597 515 566 1551 1434 233 544 369 230 1495 1413 848 107 144 1597 1512 551 1615 837 360 686 254 1293 722 700 256 957 1316 852 841 1573 151 1421 218 1405 533 121 1448 208 1357 211 1303 41